Boats and equipment:
A boat for cruising Mexico doesn't have to be large, but it does need to be bluewater capable, which means seaworthy, strongly built, and offshore equipped. It must carry a full suit of sails including light-air sails, a proper preventer, and a pole for downwind sailing, at least two (preferably three) properly-sized anchors and rodes, a dinghy, some sort of self steering, a VHF radio, a compass, a depth sounder, some charts, a cruising guide, and two GPS units. If your boat is 40 feet or longer, you're older than 40, or you have back problems, add a windlass. If you'll only be cruising for six months and are on a budget, stop there. Otherwise, if you absolutely must stay in touch on a regular basis, add an SSB or ham radio and a Pactor modem. If you plan to cruise the Golfo de California (Sea of Cortez) for more than six weeks, add a watermaker. Optional equipment includes an outboard, refrigeration (make sure your icebox has at least four inches of high-quality insulation and preferably six), instruments, and radar. Once you have the boat set up the way you want it, make sure to upgrade your battery bank and charging sources to meet your electrical requirements.