Let me offer a few simple suggestions to control helm and heel, but first, let’s look at the question of how much heel is appropriate. In quantitative terms, the answer is probably somewhere between 20 and 25 degrees maximum for a displacement monohull, depending on boat specific characteristics. Multihulls and high performance monohulls need to be sailed at minimal heel angles. But practically, there is a simpler way to know when the boat is tipping over too far. If you have to fight the helm (a rudder angle of more than 5-7 degrees), you are heeling too far and need to adjust trim or technique. Heel equals helm. When the boat leans over it attempts to turn itself back up into the wind; which is referred to as “weather helm.” To keep the boat going straight, we compensate with the rudder, which is fine up to a point. But the rudder is really a brake. Use too much, and it’s just like dragging a barn door through the water, which is not a particularly fast or efficient way to sail.